Appropriate Technology India

Appropriate Technology India (AT India), registered under the Societies Act 1860 has been working in Uttarakhand since the early 1990’s with the dual objectives of biodiversity conservation and economic development. Over 20 years AT India has reached 601 remote villages of five hill districts through establishment of value chains for various economic activities. In addition to economic empowerment it also resulted in conservation of rich but compromised biodiversity of the region. AT India now works with 19,176 households organized into 2054 SHGs in more than 45 clusters, developed in 25 Development Blocks of 5 districts.
ATI’s partner organization Dev Bhumi has over 8561 shareholders as of now and it procures products from its producers and has a turnover of over 1.95 crore. Ushamath Mahila Mahasangh Ltd (UMM) supports women SHGs in terms of building their access over financial services, micro-credit, loan and insurance with a portfolio of Rs. 3 crore. ATI has partnered with UNDP, CORDAID, Department of Sericulture, Government of India, RBS Foundation, Citi Bank Foundation etc.

Proposal: Samgara Arthink Vikas Pariyojana (April 2016 – March 2017)
The project “Samgara Arthik Vikas Pariyojana” seeks to improve livelihood and economic security of tribal in Jaunsar Babar region. It will provide economic security to 3200 poor households (1600 directly and 1600 indirectly) of Chakrata block of Dehradun district. The project will help targeted households to shift from subsistence livelihood to commercially viable economic activities. It will be accomplished through the development of value chains for activities like dairy, animal husbandry and beekeeping. The sectors proposed under this project have proven potential to generate significant returns that will result in substantial poverty alleviation. Such models have been effectively implemented in other districts of the state where AT India and its partner organizations have been working. The project will target 600 women in Diary / Animal Husbandry, 600 women in beekeeping and 400 households in agriculture and horticulture cultivation.
As part of the strategy marginalized households will be mobilized into Self-Help Groups, These groups will be trained to become dedicated producer groups (PGs) at the village level. Emphasis will be on achieving economies of scale to ensure commercial level production. These producers group (PGs) will be linked with producer company Dev Bhumi for marketing and technical support and Ushamath Mahila Mahasangh (UMM) for financial support. After reaching at set level of commercial production PGs will become shareholders in the Producer Company (DNPPCL). As part of convergence the project will be implemented in close collaborations with various State, central government, banks, NABARD and private agencies. Out of total cost of the project 9 Lakhs will be leveraged from NABARD and 8 Lakhs would be organizational contribution. The additional income per year through dairy will be Rs. 45000, beekeeping Rs. 3000 and vegetable production Rs. 50,000.

 

Proposal: Samgara Arthik Vikas Pariyojana (April 2017 – March 2018)
The project “Samgara Arthik Vikas Pariyojana” is a three years project which began in the month of July 2016 and will end in March 2019. Until now it has completed nine months of implementation. The main objective of this project is to improve livelihood and economic security of tribal in Jaunsar Babar region covering 3200 rural households of Chakrata block in Dehradun district. In this project, the efforts are being made to shift from subsistence livelihood to commercially viable economic activities. It will be accomplished through the development of value chains of three main activities- dairy, animal husbandry and beekeeping. The sectors proposed under this project have proven potential to generate significant returns that will result in substantial poverty alleviation. Such models have been effectively implemented by the organisation in other districts of the state where AT India and its partner organizations, which are community owned institutions, have been working.
In the first year, the project covered 600 women through Diary and Animal Husbandry, 600 women through beekeeping and 400 households through agriculture and horticulture cultivation. As part of the strategy, marginalized households were mobilized into self-help groups and producer groups. These groups have been trained to become dedicated producer groups (PGs) at the village level. Now the focus is on achieving economies of scale to ensure commercial level production. These producers group (PGs) are being linked with producer company DevBhumi for marketing and and Ushamath Mahila Mahasangh (UMM) for financial support. After reaching at a set level of commercial production PGs will become shareholders in the Producer Company (DNPPCL).
As part of convergence the project will be implemented in close collaborations with various state, central government departments like agriculture, horticulture and animal husbandry, Banks, NABARD and private agencies. It will allow leveraging resources, technology and expertise to maximize the impacts of the project. For this to happen the project will facilitate SHGs & PGs and their federations to hold dialogue with the key agencies to secure benefits under the central, state and bank’s schemes.

AVANI

The genesis of AVANI came about in the context of the severe problems and needs of the far-flung villages of the remote valleys of Kumaon Himalayas, at a height of 1000 to 2300 meters above sea level. Most of the villages where the organization is working presently can be approached only by walk as they are not connected to the road.
The inaccessibility of valleys, in terms of transportation makes it difficult to provide these services from outside. Lack of access to drinking water, modern energy, transport, and livelihood opportunities makes life difficult in these remote valleys. This results in a large chunk of young population migrating to urban centers in search of income opportunities and amenities. Our work seeks to reverse this vicious cycle, by providing a host of appropriate technologies for developing amenities and income opportunities in the area. Avani has been a winner of several awards including Mahindra – Spark the Rise, Power of Ideas and most recently Millennium Alliance Round 3. Our most prominent funding organisations are Barr Foundation, DOEN Foundation and Open Road Alliance.

Proposal: Developing an entrepreneurial ecosystem to harness the energy of pine needles for rural development (April 2017 – March 2018)
The recurrence of forest fires spread by highly flammable pine needles in large tracts of pine forests destroy biodiversity and pose a threat to life and property. This also results into destruction of ecosystem services such as fuel, water, fodder, timber and herbs in the ecologically fragile Himalayan ecosystem, increasing carbon emissions.
Avani Bio Energy is setting up small scale village based power plants to create an impact on employment, bio-diversity & carbon emissions. These grids connected power plant sells electricity to the local utility. An entrepreneurial ecosystem is developed to train people to run these power plants.
Cooking charcoal, a by-product of the gasification process, is an alternate source of cleaner cooking fuel for people. Cooking charcoal can replace wood as the cooking fuel, saving trees and helping rural women save the time they were spending collecting fuel wood from the forest.
Avani (NGO) and Avani Bio Energy Private Limited are committed to set up 500 kW additional grid connected generation capacity in the next 3 years, and thereafter scale up rapidly to 2.5 MW through raising additional grants, loans and investment capital.
AVANI is a non-profit organization established in 1999. It is working towards developing livelihood solutions for the local communities of Uttarakhand. The organization has a wide-ranging experience in application of appropriate technology with rural people of the State.
Some major interventions of the organization are as following:
1. Electrified 25 villages in the region through solar energy until the area started getting grid supply. 2. Established sustainable livelihood program using traditional craft of spinning, weaving and natural colours. This led to setting up of ‘Earth Craft’, a private limited company employing over 500 people producing hand crafted, natural fiber, naturally dyed textiles and plant based pigments. 3. Water harvesting through modern techniques in number of villages. AVANI has partnered with Ford Foundation, Citi Foundation, Barr Foundation, Central Silk Board, GoI under different such program. It has been awarded with Jankidevi Bajaj Purashkar, Citi Micro Enterprise Award, Energy Conservation AwardGoUK, Earth Care Award, Power Of Ideas, Green Award, Inclusive Innovation Award for innovative conservation linked livelihood.

Proposal: Developing an entrepreneurial ecosystem to harness the energy of pine needles for rural development (April 2017 – March 2018)
The proposed project envisages to upscale the conservation linked livelihood development model based on pine needles, responsible for devastating forest fire. The destructive energy of pine needle will be used for setting up gasification-based power plant, demonstrated successfully in the past. Local people will collect pine as feedstock for the plant. The output of these plants will be clean electricity and cooking charcoal. The electricity will be used for rural cottage industry or pumped in the grid. The charcoal will be briquetted which can be used for cooking using improved cook stoves. The proposed project envisages generating 500 KW by setting up of 50 power plants of 10 kW each in the villages. The organization has successfully demonstrated the technology by setting up of 2 power plants. The project will result in livelihood opportunities for the locals. An entrepreneurial ecosystem will be developed, where the rural people will be trained and developed as entrepreneurs to set up these grids connected power plants.
They will be provided with technology, marketing and financial support and continuous handholding for operational management of these power plants. In all 100 jobs will be created for running power plants and 500 for collection of feedstock entrepreneurs will also be trained to briquette the residual bio-char into cooking charcoal and sell it to the local people, as an alternative for clean cooking solution. These plants will be able to produce 500 ton of charcoal every year after 3 years.
The project will result in prevention of forest fire, as the pine needles are the major reason of these fires in the State. It envisages that by diverting 5000 ton of pine needle every year 1000 hectares of forests could be saved. The project will be implemented over a period of 3 years and will bring following impacts; • Creation of 600 jobs bringing an annual income of Rs. 1.5 Crores • 500 tons of charcoal every year • Generation of clean electricity • 20000 tons of carbon emission reduction annually

HIMCON

HIMCON has been working in Tehri and Pauri Garhwal District for last two decades in the area of conservation and livelihood development. The core area of the organization is conservation of natural resources through local resources based livelihood alternatives. In the past it it has implemented many projects focusing on water and forest conservation, drinking water and sanitation, livelihood development and developing community institutions. Organization has partnered with Sir Dorabji Tata trust (SDTT), FIT Canada, R. E. Woodhill Trust, New Zealand, Wild Gees Foundation, Netherlands, IGSSS, New Delhi, Ford Foundation, Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, Arghyam/Himalaya Seva Sangh and line departments.
Presently HIMCON has been working in Raja ji National Park (RNP) on the issues of conservation linked livelihood development of local communities. The project area is in buffer zone of Raja ji National Park and covers 20 villages, fall under Yamkeshwar Block of District Pauri.

Proposal: An Integreted Development Program for Sustainable Livelihood Generation through Mutual Support Group (April 2016 – March 2017)
The proposed project will improve the livelihood of farmers promoting culinary herbs and medicinal and aromatic plants. As the project area is under Raja Ji National Park and menace of wild life in agriculture land does not allow farmer to cultivate traditional agriculture and vegetable crops. Cultivation of culinary herbs and medicinal plants and indoor mushroom will add a new dimension in agricultural diversity due its minimum input costs and high value in the market. Its cultivation has been proven one of the most profitable and environment friendly venture with little additional inputs. These herbs and plants are used as a raw material in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries and so huge demand in the market. These herbs and plants has already been demonstrated in this area and found to be successful.

Thus project will target 440 direct and 2000 indirect beneficiaries of national park area. Over 300 women have been organized in SHGs by organization. SHGs are linked to bank and having saving accounts. SHGs’ members will be federated in a cooperative as an apex body of women farmers. Cooperative will be registered as per legal provisions and women will be trained on production, value addition, semi processing, packaging and marketing. A semi processing centre cum storage house will be constructed under the ownership of cooperative where women producers will process and pack their products. Forward linkages for medicinal plants and culinary herbs will be developed with Flex Food Pvt. Ltd., SOS Organic Ltd. Jain Irrigation Pvt. Ltd, Kediya Organics, Goa, Flavor & Fragrance Development Corporation. The same strategy was adopted earlier under the project of Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India and National Medicinal Plant Board (NMPB) and the Government of India. Besides this, other pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries will also be approached. However, there is maximum support price (MSP) policy of GoUK which will ensure a fair price of medicinal and culinary herbs products.
These interventions will enable farmers to earn an annual income of Rs. 1,20,000/- from mushroom while Rs. 1,10,000/- from cultivation of culinary herbs and medicinal plants.

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Beyond Uttarakhand

The Hans Foundation’s ‘Uttarakhand 2020’ project will change the lives of millions in Uttarakhand. The Hans Foundation will actively advocate for and fund similar pilot projects in other states across India. This will facilitate awareness and adoption of best practices in other states. The Hans Foundation extends an open invitation to other NGOs and government agencies in the upcoming years to observe the results of this revolutionary project.